AI Deep Fake and Hallucinations

Hallucinations and Deepfake: The Downside Of AI

Jun 21, 2023 | Hallucinations/Deepfakes

According to a recent Reuters/Ipsos survey, two-thirds of all Americans are concerned about the negative effects of AI. Further, 61% believe AI will result in the end of civilization. Whether the results will be that catastrophic, there are several reasons for concern. First are what are referred to as “Hallucinations”. If AI is interrogated to provide answers to specific prompts, it may be that AI cannot find the answers and invents stories and fictitious supporting information. Mark Waters, a Georgia radio host, recently fell afoul of hallucination when a request made to ChatGPT for a summary of Second Amendment Foundation vs. Ferguson resulted in false statements accusing Waters of defrauding and embezzling from the SAF despite him not having anything to do with the case. Needless to say, this resulted in Waters bringing a lawsuit against OpenAI seeking general and punitive damages plus reimbursement of expenses. The case outcome is likely to set the standard going forward.

AI is also open to misuse as it it improves with information, images, audio and video. So called “Deepfake” can be used to attribute words and actions to false sources to promote misinformation and conspiracy theories. Florida governor Ron DeSantis, used AI to create photo-realistic images of Donald Trump embracing Dr. Faucci as part of his run for the presidency. The video below exemplifies how realistic deepfake can be.

NEWSFLASH: The White House announced it will take decisive action to reduce AI risks and protect people’s rights and privacy. Action is also to minimize the use of deepfakes in the 2024 elections.

 

Fear of these issues has lead to calls for regulation and even suspension of development until regulation. However, countries such as China are investing heavily in AI hoping to gain an advantage as other countries delay. This, in turn, leads to fears of regulation suppressing or delaying innovation and allowing others to make significant advancements. Italy, in particular, is suffering from this quandary. These are interesting time in which we live.

Personally, I believe that there is a tsunami of advancement washing over us already and, despite the downsides, there is a lot to be gained from embracing generative AI technology. We can only hope that, overwhelmingly, it is used with a conscience.

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